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100 Name two national U.S. holidays.

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100. Name two national U.S. holidays.
Answer:
• New Year’s Day • Labor Day
• Martin Luther King, Jr., Day • Columbus Day
• Presidents’ Day • Veterans Day
• Memorial Day • Thanksgiving
• Independence Day • Christmas

Explanation:
The United States has 10 national holidays, or days when all people who work for the national government and most other people do not have to go to work. These holidays are usually on a Monday or Friday so that people can enjoy a three-day weekend, where they have three days in a row (or right after each other) away from work.

Some of the holidays are found in other countries. For example, New Year’s Day is the first day of the year and is celebrated almost everywhere. Labor Day is a day to honor (or recognize and respect) workers. Independence Day, in July, is the day when the United States became a country. And Christmas is the day when Christians celebrate the birth of Jesus Christ.

But other holidays are unique to the United States, meaning that they are not found in most other countries. Martin Luther King, Jr. Day, for example, is celebrated on the third Monday in January to honor the man who led the civil rights movement in the United States, or the period of time when African American or black people worked hard to be treated fairly by white people.

Presidents’ Day is celebrated on the birthday of George Washington, the first president of the United States, but it is supposed to honor (or should honor) all U.S. presidents. Memorial Day in late May honors the Americans who have died for their country, or died while fighting in wars.

In October, Columbus Day remembers Christopher Columbus, who is credited with (or remembered for) discovering (or finding) North America. One month later, in November, Veterans Day honors all the U.S. veterans, or Americans who have been part of the armed forces.

Finally, Thanksgiving is celebrated in late November. This holiday is about being grateful (or wanting to say thank you) for the harvest (or the food that was grown). It is also about the early Americans being grateful to the Native Americans who shared their food with them.

Glossary

three-day weekend – a period of time when a holiday is celebrated on a Monday or Friday and people who normally do not work on Saturday or Sunday have three days away from work
* Are you going anywhere for the three-day weekend?

in a row – consecutive; right after each other
* The athletes are tired because they've had to play three games in a row.

to honor (someone or something) – to give special recognition or importance to someone or something
* The scientist was honored with a Nobel Prize.

unique to (something or someone) – not found anywhere else; found only in one person or thing
* Kangaroos are unique to Australia.

to be supposed to – should; to be required to
* Aren't you supposed to be at work? Why did you come home so early?

to die for (one's) country – to die while fighting in a war for one's country
* Xang was sad, but proud that her son had died for his country.

to be credited with (something) – to be remembered as the person who did something
* Betsy Ross is credited with being the person who created the American flag.

veteran – a person who has fought in a war
* Zeke is a veteran of the Gulf War.

grateful – wanting to say thank you for something; feeling thankful about something
* I am so grateful to you for your kindness.

harvest – something that was grown and collected from the fields
* This year, they had a great wheat harvest.