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082 Before he was President, Eisenhower was a general. What war was he in?

82. Before he was President, Eisenhower was a general. What war was he in?
World War II

In 1952, a man became the president of the United States with a simple slogan (or phrase used in an election): “I like Ike.” Ike was a nickname (or a name that he liked to use), but his real name was Dwight David Eisenhower. He was one of the few generals (or military leaders) to become a U.S. president.

Eisenhower studied at West Point, which is a famous U.S. military academy (or school). He served (or worked in the military) in the United States and the
Philippines. But his real military career (or job) began with World War II. After the Japanese attacked (or fought against) Pearl Harbor in Hawaii, Eisenhower went to Washington, DC where he helped to make important war plans against Japan and Germany. He then had more and more important roles (or jobs and responsibilities) in the U.S. army. In 1944 and 1945, General Eisenhower had command (or control) of all the Allied forces, which included all the soldiers from all the countries who were fighting against Japan, Germany, and Italy.

During the war, Eisenhower demonstrated (or showed) great leadership, which is the ability to make other people believe in him and follow him. When the war ended, Eisenhower was recognized (or seen) as a war hero, or someone who fought very well and very bravely in a war. Many Americans admired him because they thought he had done many good things for his country and the world, helping to end a horrible war. Because so many Americans admired him, he was elected (or chosen as) president in 1952. He served as president from 1953 to 1961.

As the 34th president of the United States, Eisenhower did many important things. He helped to build many interstate highways, which are long roads where cars can drive very quickly from one state to another. He also supported the integration of America’s schools, making sure that African American (or black) and white children could study at the same schools, even though the idea was very unpopular at the time. Alaska and Hawaii became states while he was serving (or working) as president.


slogan – a phrase that many people repeat as a message about what they want to do or change
* Are you familiar with our company’s new slogan: “You talk, we listen”?

general – a military leader
* General Robert E. Lee was a southern general during the Civil War.

academy – a school for a specific purpose or field of study
* Veronica studies violin at the music academy.

role – a position; a job; a function
* He plays an important role in the project management team.

forces – the military; the people and organizations that fight for a country, usually to protect it
* How many countries have sent forces to fight in the war?

leadership – direction and management from one person or a small group of people; the ability to make other people believe in oneself and follow oneself
* People are attracted to and pleased with Hilbert's strong leadership.

war hero – a person who fought very well and very bravely in a war and is admired because of it
* He did many brave things during the war, and when he came back to the United States, he was a war hero.

to admire – to think that someone has done a good thing or is a good person and who is liked and respected for that reason
* I admire you for your honesty.

interstate highway – a long road without stoplights or stop signs where cars can drive very quickly from one state to another
* Interstate Highway 5 runs from southern California to northern Washington.

integration – the process of getting people of different races (skin color) to work and live together without problems
* Many Americans fought against the integration of their schools in the 1950s because they thought that black and white students should study separately.