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078 Name one war fought by the United States in the 1900s.

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C: Recent American History and Other Important Historical Information

78. Name one war fought by the United States in the 1900s.
Answer:
• World War I • Korean War • (Persian) Gulf War
• World War II • Vietnam War

Explanation:
World War I, which was fought from 1914 to 1918, was called the War to End All Wars. People thought that it was such a big war that no other wars would need to be fought. Obviously (or clearly), this was wrong.

In the 1900s, the United States fought in five wars. After World War I, the United States fought in World War II. The United States didn’t want to fight in that war, but when the Japanese bombed (or dropped weapons or things that would explode on) Pearl Harbor, the country decided that it was time to join the war against Japan, Germany, and Italy.

The next war that the United States fought in during the 1900s was the Korean War between 1950 and 1953. North Korea and South Korea were fighting against each other, mostly because North Korea had a communist government and South Korea did not. Soon the United States and the Soviet Union became involved as an extension (or an additional part) of their Cold War, which was the period of time from the 1940s to the 1990s when the United States and the Soviet Union had many political problems with each other.

After the Korean War, the United States fought in the Vietnam War from 1959 to 1975. As in the Korean War, the United States was trying to prevent Vietnam from having a communist government, or not let the country have a communist government. The war was very unpopular in the United States, meaning that many people didn’t want the United States to fight this war. Many U.S. soldiers (or the people who fought in the war) died. In the end, the United States lost and Vietnam became a communist country.

Finally, the last war fought by the United States in the 1900s was the Persian Gulf War, which is sometimes just called the Gulf War. This war was fought between Iraq and a coalition (or group that works together) of 34 countries, but the United States and the United Kingdom were the leaders. The United States’ reason for fighting in the war was to help the country of Kuwait, which had been invaded by Iraqi soldiers, which means that Iraqis had taken control of the country without the Kuwaitis’ permission. However, many Americans think that the Gulf War was really about getting enough oil for the United States and the other coalition countries to use.

Glossary

obviously – clearly; easily seen and understood
* Some people thought that higher gas prices would make American stop driving, but obviously that isn't what has happened.

to bomb (a place) – to drop weapons or things that will explode over a building or an area of land
* The pilots bombed the other country's airports.

extension – an additional part of something; an additional period of time of something
* The city is planning an extension of its subway to reach more areas outside the city.

Cold War – the period of time from the 1940s to the 1990s when the United States and the Soviet Union had many political problems with each other
* During the Cold War, many Americans were scared that the Russians would send a nuclear bomb to the United States.

to prevent – to make something impossible; to make something else not be able to happen
* You can't prevent a cold, but you can make it less likely by eating well and washing your hands often.

unpopular – not popular; not liked by very many people
* What did the president do to make himself so unpopular among the people who voted for him?

coalition – a group of people or organizations that work together
* This group is a coalition of nonprofit organizations that try to improve their communities.

to invade – to take control of a country without the permission of the people who live there
* What would we do if aliens invaded our country from another planet?