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064 There were 13 original states. Name three.

64. There were 13 original states. Name three.
• New Hampshire • New Jersey • North Carolina
• Massachusetts • Pennsylvania • South Carolina
• Rhode Island • Delaware • Georgia
• Connecticut • Maryland
• New York • Virginia

Once Europeans arrived to North America, they began to fill up the land very quickly. Many Europeans moved to the land that would later become the United States. European countries like Britain, France, and Spain created colonies (or areas of land that belong to a country but are far away). Britain had 13 colonies, and those colonies later became the original 13 states of the United States.

The 13 colonies can be divided into four groups: the Southern Colonies, the Chesapeake Bay Colonies, the Middle Colonies, and New England. The Southern
Colonies were Georgia, North Carolina, and South Carolina. These colonies had very good weather for farming and were mostly used for growing cotton and
tobacco (or a plant that is smoked in cigarettes). There was a lot of work to do on the plantations (or large farms), so the Southern Colonies had many slaves (or people who were owned as property and forced to work without being paid).

A little further north were the Chesapeake Bay Colonies of Maryland and Virginia. A bay is a large area of water that is mostly surrounded by land. The city of
Jamestown in Virginia is famous for being the first permanent English settlement (or a place where people begin living) in America. It was founded (or created) in 1607. Many of the people who lived there died from hunger, cold, and attacks by the Native Americans, but Jamestown survived (or continued to exist), and today people can visit Jamestown to learn about its history.

The Middle Colonies, which used to be called New Netherlands, were Delaware, New Jersey, New York, and Pennsylvania. The people living in these colonies had many different religions and had a lot of tolerance, which meant that they had the ability to live with other people who were very different from themselves. This was very different from the situation in Europe.

The last four colonies, Connecticut, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, and Rhode Island, made up New England. We still call the northeastern part of the United States “New England.” These were some of the first colonies that wanted independence from Britain. They were also the first colonies to make their own coins (or money made from small, round, flat pieces of metal).


colony – an area of land that is far away from the country it belongs to
* The 13 American colonies became the first states in the United States of America.

tobacco – a plant whose leaves are smoked in cigarettes
* Phuong is addicted to tobacco and cannot stop smoking cigarettes, even though he would like to.

plantation – a very large farm, mostly in the southern United States
* Many old plantations have been converted into museums for tourists to visit.

slave – a person who is forced to work without pay and is owned by another person
* Many slaves were taken away from their parents when they were young children.

bay – a large area of water that is mostly surrounded by land
* Have you ever ridden in a boat in the Chesapeake Bay?

settlement – a place where people begin living, where people had not lived before
* It must have been difficult for Europeans to start the first settlements in North America.

to survive – to continue to exist; to live through danger or a difficult situation
* Everyone was surprised that the little girl survived after being lost on the mountain for almost one week.

tolerance – the ability to live with people who are very different from oneself and/or do things that one does not agree with
* We need to learn to show more tolerance toward people who are different from us.

coin – a piece of money made from metal; a small, round piece of metal that is used as money
* In the United States, we call a 10-cent coin a "dime."