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062 Who wrote the Declaration of Independence?

访问量:
62. Who wrote the Declaration of Independence?
Answer:
(Thomas) Jefferson

Explanation:
There is a funny story that shows how many Americans think of Thomas Jefferson, the third president of the United States. One day, President John F. Kennedy (our thirty-fifth president) was in the White House, which is the building where the U.S. president lives. He was there with 49 Nobel Prize winners. (The Nobel Prize is an award given to people who have done very important work in different fields all over the world.) President Kennedy said that this was the greatest group of human knowledge and talent that had ever been together in the White House, except when Thomas Jefferson ate there alone. This was his funny way of saying that Thomas Jefferson was a great man in American history who was good at many things, much more than other people, even a group of some of the world’s smartest people!

Thomas Jefferson is famous for many things. He was the second vice-president and the third president of the United States, but he is even better known for having written the Declaration of Independence, or the letter that was written to let Great Britain know that its colonies had become the United States, an independent country. Thomas Jefferson was one of the most influential Founding Fathers (meaning he was able to affect other people’s opinions) who helped to create the United States. While he was president, he sent two men named Lewis and Clark to explore the western part of North America. He also negotiated (or arranged) the Louisiana Purchase, which allowed the United States to buy a lot of land from France.

Thomas Jefferson was born in 1743 and was a Renaissance man, which means he was a man who has a lot of different types of knowledge and knows how to do many different things. He was a gardener, a politician, an author, an architect (or someone who designed buildings), and an inventor (or a person who makes new things that no one else had thought of before). He was the founder of (or the person who started) the University of Virginia.

Thomas Jefferson built a home called Monticello in Virginia. It is still there today, and many people go to visit it and learn more about this great man. At Monticello, people can see his architectural designs and many of his inventions, like automatic doors (or doors that open without being touched) and the swivel chair (or a chair that turns in circles while a person is sitting on it).

Glossary

Declaration of Independence – the letter that was written to let Great Britain know that its colonies had become the United States, an independent country
* Visitors who go to the National Archives in Washington, DC can see the original Declaration of Independence.

influential – able to affect other people’s opinions and actions
* This television show has been very influential in women's fashion.

to negotiate – to discuss something, trying to get the other person or organization to agree to what one wants
* It took several months, but the company finally negotiated an agreement with its workers.

Renaissance man – a man who has many different types of knowledge and knows how to do many different things
* Clarke is a Renaissance man who speaks four languages, understands science, reads classic literature, gardens, and more.

inventor – a person who makes new things that no one else had thought of before
* Who was the inventor of the first computer?

founder – the person who starts an organization or company
* Each year we honor the founder of our organization by having a celebration.

automatic doors – doors that open without being touched when a person comes near them
* Many American stores have automatic doors for their customers.

swivel chair – a chair that can turn in circles while a person is sitting on it
* The receptionist has a swivel chair so that he can turn between the computer, printer, and telephone without having to stand up.