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055 What are two ways that Americans can participate in their democracy?

访问量:
55. What are two ways that Americans can participate in their democracy?
Answer:
• Vote • Call Senators and
• Join a political party Representatives
• Help with a campaign • Publicly support or oppose an
• Join a civic group issue or policy
• Join a community group • Run for office
• Give an elected official your • Write to a newspaper
opinion on an issue

Explanation:
The United States has a representative democracy, which means that citizens vote for people who will represent them in the government, making laws and
decisions that reflect (or are the same as) what the citizens want. If Americans do not participate in their democracy, then the laws won’t reflect what they want. That is why civic involvement (or participation in government) is extremely important in the United States.

The most basic (or easiest and simplest) type of civic involvement is to vote, but some people are much more politically active (or involved in government and
politics). Many people choose to join a political party, which is a group of people who have similar beliefs about what the government should do and want to get power for their group in the government. Some of them help with campaigns (or the things people do to try to be elected to a government job) for their political party’s candidates (or the people who are trying to be elected). Sometimes they help by calling undecided voters (or people who haven’t yet decided whom they will vote for) or by visiting them in their homes.

Other people are more politically active for issues than for candidates. They might join a community group that tries to show people how important an issue is. They also call Senators and Representatives to try to get them to vote a certain way on important issues. Sometimes these people will talk to their friends and family about the issues and some of them even write letters to the editor, which is the part of the newspaper where people can write about their strong beliefs.

The people who have the highest level of civic involvement try to run for office (or try to get elected to a political position or job). Sometimes people begin locally, at first running for office in their neighborhood or city, but then seeking office (or trying to get elected) at the state or national level. Each and every American can choose how much civil involvement he or she wants to have.

Glossary

representative democracy – a type of government in which citizens vote for people who represent them in the government, usually making laws and decisions
* Would you prefer to live in a country with a representative democracy or a dictatorship?

civic involvement – citizen participation in the government
* Writing letters to our representatives is a good example of civic involvement.

politically active – involved in the government and politics
* Radhika became politically active when she learned what her tax dollars were being used for.

political party – a group of people who have the same political beliefs and belong to the same political organization
* Let's organize a political party that focuses on immigration issues.

campaign – the things people do to try to be elected for a government job, and the period of time before people vote
* She sent thousands of postcards with her name, contact information, and photograph to voters as part of her political campaign.

candidate – a person who is trying to be elected to a government job
* Which candidate will you vote for, and why?

undecided voter – a person who hasn't yet decided whom he or she will vote for
* During the last months of the presidential campaign, everyone focuses on undecided voters, trying to get them to vote for their candidate.

letter to the editor – a part of the newspaper where people can write about their strong beliefs
* I wrote a letter to the editor to complain about the city's decision to close a park.

to run for office – to try to be elected to a public position; to try to get a public job through votes
* How many people are running for office this year?

to seek office – to try to be elected to a public position; to try to get a public job through votes
* Do you like any of the people who are seeking office?