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047 What is the name of the Speaker of the House of Representatives now?

访问量:
47. What is the name of the Speaker of the House of Representatives now?
Answer:
(Nancy) Pelosi

Explanation:
There are 435 members in the House of Representatives. Can you imagine trying to make laws or to get any work done without a clear leader who can guide (or lead) all those people? The person who does this is called the Speaker of the House of Representatives, which is a very important position in U.S. government. The Speaker of the House not only leads the House of Representatives, but also is in the presidential line of succession (or the plan for who will become president if something happens to the president). If the president can no longer be president, then his or her replacement would be the vice president, but if he or she cannot be president either, then the Speaker of the House becomes president.

The Speaker of the House is a member of the House of Representatives. The 435 members of the House vote to decide who will be the Speaker. Usually the Speaker is a member of the majority party (or the political party that most representatives are a member of), but not always. The Speaker is elected (or chosen) on the first day of a new Congressional session (or the period of time when the Congress is meeting) for a two-year term, which is the amount of time that someone works in a public position. During those two years, the Speaker has all the same duties (or responsibilities) as a regular representative, discussing and voting on issues. But he or she also has some special duties.

The Speaker of the House has control of the calendar that shows when bills (or ideas for laws) will be discussed and voted on. The Speaker can use this power to make sure that his or her favorite bills are discussed and passed before other bills can be discussed and passed.

The Speaker of the House also serves (or works in a public job) as the presiding officer when the House of Representatives meets. The Speaker of the House calls on other members of the House, giving them permission to speak when bills are being discussed. Nobody can speak unless the Speaker has given permission (or said that it is okay to speak).

Glossary

to guide (someone) – to lead someone; to show someone what to do or how to do something
* Without your help to guide us out of the forest, we would still be lost.

line of succession – the plan for who will become the next person to work in a particular job when the current person can no longer do the job
* Our company has a clear line of succession for when our president leaves.

majority party – the political party that most members of the House of Representatives and the Senate belong to
* When was the last time we had a different majority party than the one in power now?

session – period of time when Congress meets; a period of time when a committee meets
* How many bills does Congress discuss in a typical session?

term – the length of time that a person has a job
* He was just elected to be the secretary in the student government for a one-year term.

duty – responsibility; something that someone must do
* As police officers, we have a duty to make this city safer for everyone.

bill – a proposal or an idea for a new law
* Has Maryland considered a bill that would make it illegal for people to drive while speaking on a cell phone?

presiding officer – the person who is responsible for or in charge of a meeting
* Every week, they choose a different presiding officer for their staff meeting.

to call on (someone) – to give someone permission to speak during a meeting; to say that it is okay for someone to speak
* The teacher calls on each student at least once per day.