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045 What are the two major political parties in the United States?

访问量:
45. What are the two major political parties in the United States?
Answer:
Democratic and Republican

Explanation:
More than 300 million people live in the United States and they have many different opinions about how the government should be. If each of them voted independently (or alone, not paying attention to what other people are doing), then it would be very difficult to predict (or know ahead of time) how our government would be, and no one would be able to have very much power in American government. However, our country has many political parties (or organized groups of people who have similar political opinions and try to get power in the government) that people can be affiliated with (or connected to as a member).

The two biggest political parties are the Democratic Party and the Republican Party. The Democratic Party is more liberal, believing that wealth (or money) should be shared among all people and that the government should make laws to help this happen, even if that means having higher taxes (or money paid to the government) so it can give help and services to everyone. The Democratic Party is also left-leaning socially, emphasizing (or giving importance to) protecting the environment, equal (or the same) rights for all people, and other social issues.

The Republic Party is economically conservative, believing that the economy should operate freely with little government intervention (or involvement). The
Republican Party favors (or supports) low taxes and less control and influence by the federal (or national) government. The Republicans also emphasize traditional values, such as strong families, little immigration, and the right for individuals to own guns.

The Democratic Party is symbolized (or represented in a picture or image) by a donkey, which is an animal that is similar to a small, strong horse. The Republican Party is symbolized by an elephant. The parties are also symbolized by colors, with blue for the Democratic Party and red for the Republican Party. For example, a blue state is a state where most people vote for the Democratic Party and a red state is a state where most people vote for the Republican Party. After an important election, newspapers usually print maps of the country with blue and red states to show where each party won.

Glossary

independently – alone, without paying attention to what other people are doing
* Do you prefer working independently or as part of a team?

to predict – to know something ahead of time; to believe that something will happen in the future
* Nobody predicted how much the Internet would change the way that people communicate with each other.

political party – a group of people who have the same political beliefs and belong to the same political organization
* Jessica likes the Democratic political party because it cares about protecting the natural environment.

affiliated with (something) – connected to an organization as a member
* Many people who work in advertising are affiliated with the American Marketing Association.

liberal – believing that wealth (or money) should be shared among all people and that the government should make laws to help this happen, even if that means having higher taxes (or money paid to the government) so that everyone can receive help and services
* Only a very liberal voter would want to increase taxes by 50% to help the homeless.

left-leaning – interested in social issues that liberals care about, like the environment and equal human rights
* Greenpeace is an environmental organization that has a lot of left-leaning members.

to emphasize (something) – to give importance to something; to focus on or highlight something
* Her parents always emphasized the importance of getting a college education.

conservative – believing that the economy should operate freely with little government intervention (or involvement), supporting lower taxes, and less control and influence by the federal (or national) government.
* He's a conservative politician, so he'll probably vote to lower taxes.

traditional values – things that have historically been very important to people, like strong families, little immigration, and the right to own guns
* Therese believes that many people who go to church every Sunday have traditional values.

symbolized – represented by a picture, image, or something else
* Love is often symbolized by a red rose.