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043 Who is the Governor of your state?

访问量:
43. Who is the Governor of your state?
Answer:
Answers will vary. [Residents of the District of Columbia and U.S. territories without
a Governor should say “we don’t have a Governor.”]

Explanation:
States are vested with (or are given) many powers and responsibilities, so they need to have strong leadership (or direction and management from one person or a small group of people). The leader of each state is called a governor. Each state decides how much power its governor has, so some governors have more power than others. However, most governors have many of the same duties (or the things that one is expected to do in one’s job).

In many ways, governors lead their states like the U.S. president leads the national government. For example, the way that governors are involved in lawmaking at the state level is similar to the way that the U.S. president is involved in lawmaking at the national level. Governors also appoint (or give political jobs to) many state-level officials, just like the U.S. president appoints many federal officials.

State governors are also responsible for managing the budget (or the plan for how the state will spend its money in the future) and they try to balance the budget of their state (or make sure that the state does not spend more money than it receives).

Governors have many ceremonial duties (or duties related to special days and special gatherings). They often go to important events in the state, speaking to the people who are there. The governor normally works in the state capitol (or the building where most of the state’s government offices are). Many state governments have an official residence (or home for the governor) near the state capitol building.

Governors are elected (or chosen through a vote) by the state’s residents (or the people who live in a particular state for a particular period of time). In all but two states, governors serve (or work) for four years at a time. The governors of Vermont and New Hampshire, two states in the Eastern part of the U.S., serve for only two years at a time.

Glossary

to be vested with (something) – to be given something officially; to have something
* The investors are vested with part of the company's profits.

leadership – direction and management from one person or a small group of people; the ability to make other people believe in oneself and follow oneself
* Everyone admired Zane's leadership during the emergency situation.

governor – the political leader of a U.S. state; the head of a state government
* The U.S. President had a meeting with all 50 U.S. governors to talk about economic development.

duty – responsibility; something that someone must do
* The receptionist's duties include answering the phone and greeting people who come into the office.

budget – a plan for how a person, organization, business, or government will spend its money in the future
* Their family budget includes $350 for groceries and $100 for clothing each month.

to balance the budget – to make sure that an organization does not spend more money than it receives in a period of time
* I don't think the United States will ever be able to balance the budget.

ceremonial – related to special days, especially holidays, and special gatherings
* The priest put on the ceremonial robe and then began to give the blessing.

resident – a person who lives in a particular state or area
* People from other states have to pay more than Ohio residents do to study at Ohio State University.