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030 If the President can no longer serve, who becomes President?

访问量:
30. If the President can no longer serve, who becomes President?
Answer:
The Vice President

Explanation:
“The President has been shot!” This phrase, or something similar, has been said many times in U.S. history. Being president is a risky job (or a job with many
dangers). Many presidents are assassinated (or killed) or simply die while they are in office (or working as president). That’s why we have to have a plan for who will be the next president if the current president dies. When the president can no longer serve (or work), the vice president becomes the next president.

To date (or until now), nine vice presidents have become president when the president could no longer serve. The first time this happened was in 1841, when
President William Henry Harrison died. The vice president, John Tyler, had a swearing-in ceremony and took the presidential oath of office, or made a
statement promising to do his best while serving as the next president of the United States. Because the order of succession (or the plan for who will become the next president) was clear, there were no problems. There was a very easy transition of power (or change from one president to another) and everyone treated President Tyler as a regular president, just as they would have treated President Harrison if he had not died in office.

The president doesn’t necessarily have to die for the vice president to become president though succession. For example, if the president is impeached (or if the presidency is taken away from him or her because he or she has done something wrong), the vice president will become president. Also, if the president resigns, or decides to stop being president, the vice president will become the new president. This happened when President Richard Nixon resigned and his vice president Gerald Ford was sworn in as the new president.

The Constitution has a long line of succession, or a plan for who will become the next president if the current president dies. For example, if the vice president
becomes president but then dies, the next president will be whoever is the Speaker of the House of Representatives. If that person dies, then the next president will be the President Pro Temp of the Senate, and so on.

Glossary

risky – with many dangers; with a possibility for failure; dangerous
* Jumping out of airplanes with a parachute is a risky thing to do.

to assassinate – to kill a politician or another important person
* Who assassinated President Lincoln?

in office – while working in a public position
* What do you want to accomplish while you are in office?

to serve – to work in a public position; to work in a government job
* How long do people serve in the U.S. Army?

to date – until now; until the present; before today
* To date, we have received no complaints about our new policies.

swearing-in ceremony – a public event where a person states that he or she will do certain things, and then officially becomes the person in a public position
* People from many countries will come to the swearing-in ceremony for the next president of the United States.

oath of office – a statement promising to do one's best while serving in a public position
* Does the Attorney General have to take an oath of office?

succession – the plan for who will become the next person to work in a particular job when the current person can no longer do the job
* The company has had the same president for more than 30 years, but it needs to have a succession plan for when he can no longer work.

to impeach – to take away the presidency or another public job from a person because he or she has done something wrong
* Can a U.S. president be impeached for lying to the American people?

to resign – to chose to leave a job; to choose to leave a public position before one has finished the normal period of time
* Carolina resigned from her job because she decided she wanted to spend more time at home with her children.