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021 The House of Representatives has how many voting members?

21. The House of Representatives has how many voting members?
Answer: Four hundred thirty-five (435)

Americans live all over the United States, but some places are much more popular than others. For example, more than 35 million people live in California, but only about 500,000 people live in Wyoming. One of the challenges (or difficult things to do) in the U.S. government is to let big and small states participate in the government fairly. Is it fair to give both states equal participation in the government? Or should California have more power than Wyoming since it has so many more people?

The people who created the U.S. government decided that they would have to answer ‘yes’ to both questions. They created the Senate, where each state has equal power no matter how big or small it is, and they created the House of Representatives, where states with more people have more power than states with fewer people.

The House of Representatives currently has 435 representatives, or people who are elected (or chosen by large groups of people) to make decisions for their states. Congress can pass a law to change the total number of representatives if it wants to, but the number hasn’t changed from 435 since 1910. Larger states have more representatives than smaller states do. Right now, California has the most, with 53 representatives. Several of the smallest states, such as Wyoming, Montana, and North and South Dakota, have only one representative each.

The U.S. government does a census every few years, which is an official count of the number of people living in the country. After each census, how many
representatives each state gets of the 435 seats (or positions) in the House of Representatives is redone. This means that states that have grown may get more
representatives and states that have shrunk (or become smaller) get fewer representatives. This process is called apportionment, which means deciding how
something should be shared among many people or, in this case, among many states.

In addition to the 435 representatives, the House also has four delegates who can speak at the meetings but cannot vote. These delegates represent Washington, D.C. (the nation’s capitol), and the country’s territories, which are areas of land that belong to the United States but are not states.


challenge – something that is difficult to do, but also may be exciting
* Learning a new language is often the greatest challenge while living in another country.

representative – a person who is elected or chosen to make decisions for another person or for a group of people
* If you cannot come to the meeting, please send a representative who can vote for you.

census – an official count of the number of people living in an area
* According to the U.S. Census, more than 300 million people live in the United States.

seat – one of many positions, especially elected positions, in an organization
* How many seats in the U.S. Congress are currently filled by women?

to shrink – to become smaller in size or number
* Her jeans shrank after she washed them in very hot water.

apportionment – the way that something is shared among many people
* The head of the new international organization believes that there should be a fairer apportionment of money among people and countries.

delegate – representative; a person who is sent to a meeting or other event by and for another person
* Does Guam have a delegate in the U.S. Congress?

territory – an area of land that belongs to the United States but is not a state
* The Virgin Islands are a U.S. territory.